Republic of Cyprus

History





Republic of Cyprus
    Cyprus according to the agreements of Zurich – London between Gt. Britain, Greece and Turkey became an independent Republic on August 16th, 1960.
      According to the Constitution the Turkish Cypriot community, constituting 18% of the population, was given cultural and religious autonomy and a privileged treatment in governance i.e.
        The Turkish Cypriots (T/C) had :
        • 30% of the posts in the government service.
        • 40% of the police force and of the army.
        • The post of Vice President in the Government.
        • 15 of the 50 seats of the House of Representatives.
        • 3 Ministers out of the 10 who constituted the Council of Ministers.

        The right of veto and other separatist provisions in the Constitution created practical difficulties to the operation of the State. Proposals made by the President of the Republic, Archbishop Makarios, in November 1963 to amend the Constitution were rejected outright by Turkey first and then by the Turkish Cypriots. The T/C left their posts in the Government and set up Turkish Cypriot enclaves in various areas of the island. Inter communal relations initially entered a period of tension but then a period followed during which the tension subsided and eventually a dialogue between the communities was established to find a solution. The events of 1974 with the coup d’ etat and the Turkish invasion gave a new and tragic dimension to the Cyprus problem. The presence of thousands of Turkish troops and illegal colonists from Anatolia pose a very serious threat against the security and territorial integrity of the Republic of Cyprus. Thus the Armed Forces of the Republic are entrusted with an especially difficult task.

        Ministry of Defence

        Since the establishment of the Republic of Cyprus the Ministry of the Interior and Defence were united. It was in 1985 that the two Ministries were separated and the Ministries rose to 11.

        The main mission of the Ministry of Defence is the security of the country against any foreign threat a task involving the organization of the defence forces of the Republic.


        Former Ministers of Defence


        S/No.

        Name and surname

        Period of service

        Remarks

        1

        Osman Orek

        1960 until 1964


        2

        Polycarpos Yiorkadjis (a)

        04/04/64-01/11/68

        (a)Minister of Interior and Defense

        3

        Epaminondas Komodromos (a)

        10/12/68-15/06/72


        4

        Yiorgos Ioannidis (a)

        16/06/72-15/07/74


        5

        Nicos Kosis (a)

        08/08/74-14/01/75


        6

        Christodoulos Veniamin (a)

        15/01/75-06/01/85


        7

        Stelios Katsellis

        07/01/85-31/07/85


        8

        Elias Eliadis

        01/08/85-27/02/88


        9

        Andreas Aloneftis

        28/02/88-27/02/93


        10

        Costas Eliadis

        27/02/93-12/11/97


        11

        Georgios Haralambidis

        12/11/97-27/02/98


        12

        Yiannakis Omirou

        28/02/98-04/01/99


        13

        Yiannakis Hrysostomis

        05/01/99-24/08/99


        14

        Socratis Hasikos

        25/08/99-28/02/03


        15

        Kyriacos Mavronicolas

        29/02/03-13/06/06


        16

        Fivos Klokaris

        13/06/06-26/09/06


        17

        Nicos Symeonidis

        16/09/06-03/05/07


        18

        Christodoulos Pasiardis

        14/05/07-29/02/08


        19

        Costas Papacostas

        29/02/08-04/08/11


        20

        Demetres Eliades

        05/08/11-01/03/13


        21

        Photis Photiou

        02/03/13-13/03/14


        22

        Tasos Mitsopoulos

        14/03/14-22/03/14


        23

        Socratis Hasikos

        23/03/14-06/04/14


        24

        Christophoros Fokaides

        07/04/14 -

        Former Permanent Secretaries of the Ministry of Defence

        S/No.

        Name and surname

        Period of service

        Remarks

        1

        Arif Olkun

        01/01/61-1963

        (a)Permanent Secretary

        2

        Antonis Anastasiou

        16/07/64-30/06/79


        3

        Tomazos Kontozis (a)

        01/07/79-30/07/82


        4

        Nicos Phylactou

        01/08/82-30/12/83


        5

        Georgios Anastasiadis

        31/12/83-11/06/89


        6

        Linos Siakallis

        12/06/89-01/05/95


        7

        Dr. Vasos Pyrgos

        02/05/95-01/01/96


        8

        Georgios Hadjianastasiou

        02/01/96-18/05/99


        9

        Dr. Petros M. Kareklas

        19/05/99-01/05/00


        10

        Symeon Matsis

        02/05/00-07/06/00


        11

        Symeon Matsis

        08/06/00-12/12/00


        12

        Dr. Christos Papadopoulos

        13/12/00-09/04/04


        13

        Dr. Petros M. Kareklas (a)

        21/04/04-30/11/04


        14

        Dr. Petros M. Kareklas

        01/12/04-03/06/10


        15

        Christos Patsalides (a)

        04/06/10-14/11/10


        16

        Christos Malikkides

        15/11/10-..............