Republic of Cyprus


Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

The EU’s CFSP was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force in 1993 and provided the institutional framework for the shaping and implementation of all the aspects of the common foreign and security policy of European Union Member-States.

According to the Lisbon Treaty, the CFSP has the following fundamental goals:

1) To safeguard its values, fundamental interests, security, independence and integrity
2) To consolidate and support democracy, the rule of law, human rights and the principles of international law
3) To preserve peace, prevent conflicts and strengthen international security, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, with the principles of the Helsinki Final Act and with the aims of the Charter of Paris, including those relating to external borders
4) To foster the sustainable economic, social and environmental development of developing countries, with the primary aim of eradicating poverty
5) To encourage the integration of all countries into the world economy, including through the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade
6) To help develop international measures to preserve and improve the quality of the environment and the sustainable management of global natural resources, in order to ensure sustainable development
7) To assist populations, countries and regions confronting natural or man-made disasters
8) To promote an international system based on stronger multilateral cooperation and good global governance.

A number of institutions are involved in the shaping of CFSP, including:
  • the High Representative / Vice-President of the European Commission for the CFSP
  • the European Council (the President of the EC and the Heads of States and Governments)
  • the Council of the European Union (the EU Foreign Affairs Ministers)
  • the European External Action Service (essentially the EU’s diplomatic service) which assists the HR in the execution of her duties
  • the President of the European Commission
  • the Committee of Permanent Representatives (known as COREPER II, which consists of the Ambassadors of the Member-States to the EU and the Deputy Secretary General of the Commission)
  • the Political and Security Committee (known as PSC).
  • the CFSP Working Groups, made up of Member-States and Commission experts, in geographic (e.g. Asia, Africa) or thematic (e.g. terrorism, UN issues) formations

The EU conducts its Common Foreign and Security Policy by:

(a) Defining the general guidelines;
(b) Adopting decisions defining:
(i) Actions to be undertaken by the Union;
(ii) Positions to be taken by the Union;
(iii) Arrangements for the implementation of the decisions referred to in points (i) and (ii); and by
(c) Strengthening systematic cooperation between Member States in the conduct of policy.

Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)

The CSDP (formerly known as ESDP) constitutes the institutional framework for the development and implementation of the EU’s security and defence policy. It aims, inter alia, to the development of the EU’s military and civilian capabilities for crisis management and conflict prevention worldwide, within the framework of the UN Charter.

The ESDP (European Security and Defence Policy) was created by the decision of the European Council in Koln in 1999, whereas the following year, the Nice European Council decided to establish the
ESDP political and military structures. After the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 01 December 2009, ESDP was renamed to CSDP.

The EU has gradually developed the military and civilian capabilities needed in order to be able to respond in a comprehensive manner to crisis management in third states / regions. These capabilities consist of Member-States’ contributions. The civilian CSDP Missions deal with, inter alia, rule of law, public administration, development of police capabilities and security sector reform.

At the moment, there is a
number of ongoing civilian and military Missions / Operations within the context of CSDP, whereas various Missions have already been successfully concluded. Within the context of supporting CSDP and international crisis management efforts, Cyprus has participated in a number of Missions. More specifically, it has been part of Missions ARTEMIS, EUFOR RD Congo and EUSEC Congo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, EU Support to AMIS II in Sudan/Darfur, EUPOL PROXIMA in FYROM, EUFOR Tchad/RCA in the Republic of Chad and EU Border Assistance Mission in Moldova and Ukraine. At the moment, Cyprus is participating in Mission EUPM Bosnia-Herzegovina and Operation EUNAVFOR ATALANTA Somalia.

Cyprus also contributes to the EU Battlegroups. These are multinational military rapid-reaction groups, consisted of some 1500 members, which can operate independently as an ESDP operation. They can also constitute the initial stage of a wider operation. Cyprus participates in an EU Battlegroup together with Greece, Romania and Bulgaria. This specific Battlegroup was on stand-by during the second half of 2007 and the first half of 2009.

European Defence Agency (EDA)

Cyprus is a full member of the European Defence Agency since its establishment in July 2004. The EDA aims to support EU Members-States and the Council in their effort to improve and enhance European Defence Capabilities in support of CSDP

EU Satellite Centre (EUSC)

Cyprus is also a full member of the EUSC, that is involved in the production and use of information derived primarily from the analysis of the earth’s satellite images, in support of CFSP. The Satellite Centre is located in Torrejón de Ardoz in Spain.

European Security and Defence College (ESDC)

The ESDC, which has been operating since July 2005, aims to contribute in the development of a European Security Culture. It offers a series of courses which cultivate and foster a common concept on CSDP to the military and non military personnel of the EU Member States and the European Institutions. Cyprus has been actively participating in the activities of the ESDC both by attending the courses and by contributing to the organization of some.

Cyprus, as an EU Member State is also a member of the EU’s
Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The ISS contributes to the development of CFSP by conducting academic research and studies, as well as by encouraging and deepening the dialogue for the most important security and defence issues concerning the European Union.

Council of the EU - CFSP
ESDP political and military structures
Civilian and Military Missions / Operations
European Defence Agency (EDA)
EU Satellite Centre (EUSC)
European Security and Defence College (ESDC)
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)